1949 - 1950: the mother’s death and Einaudi process
In December 1949 Il diario clandestino is published; it contains
the writings by Guareschi gathered during the imprisonment and the war.
On the 13th July 1950 his mother, the teacher Lina Maghenzani ,dies.
Giovannino has her buried definitively in Marore, the village where she
had taught for years.
After three months his mother will receive the "Diploma di benemerenza
di prima classe" (first-class merit certificate), together with a
After four years the Ministry of Education will recognize her right for
I saw her again in Marore in 1943, before coming back to the regiment,
with her rigid back, due to the bony consumption that had affected her
backbone two years before and since then she has to wear a plaster bodice.
It seems that she has to die at any moment, but she will fall ill during
the holidays as per regulations, and in September her ghost will start
After forty days his father Primo Augusto dies.
And he waited until she settled down in the churchyard of the far
village, and some days after, he followed her.
In October 1950 Mosca is relieved from the editorial staff of Candido;
Guareschi remains chief editor of the weekly magazine alone.
On the 4th December 1949 he is acquitted together with Manzoni in the
Einaudi trial ("Nebiolo"), in which he was accused of public
insult to the President of the Republic, Luigi Einaudi, because he had
published a humorous cartoon, considered to be insulting towards the President
The Attorney General appeals and on the 10th April 1950 Guareschi is
sentenced with Manzoni to eight months’ probation.
Guareschi, Milan 1950
Guareschi legge il Candido. Milan 1950
Guareschi legge la versione di Don Camillo in giapponese,
Milano, metà anni '50